• Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable information, such as Social Security or driver's license numbers, in order to impersonate someone else.​​

  • A keylogger or keystroke logger is a type of software that tracks or logs the keys struck on your keyboard, typically in a covert manner so that you don’t know that your actions are being monitored.

  • software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems.

  • ​A password manager application supports centralized secure storage of passwords and helps manage using unique passwords across each site.

  • ​the fraudulent practice of sending emails purporting to be from reputable companies in order to get individuals to reveal personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers​

  • a type of malicious software designed to block access to a computer system until a sum of money is paid​

  • ​spying on the user of an ATM, computer, or other electronic device in order to obtain their personal access information

  • the use of deception to manipulate someone into giving away confidential or personal information that may be used for fraud​

  • Spyware is software that enables a user to obtain covert information about another’s computer activities by transmitting data​

  • making phone calls or leaving voice messages supposedly from reputable companies in order to get people to reveal their personal information, such as bank details and credit card numbers​

  • ​a VPN creates a virtual encrypted tunnel between you and a remote server operated by a VPN service. All external internet traffic is routed through this tunnel, so your data is secure from prying eyes. Use of a VPN computer also gives you the appearance of having an IP address of the VPN server, masking your identity


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In case of any conflict between the English and Chinese versions of this fraud prevention site hub, the English version shall prevail.​​​